SAP Guidelines and Overview of Modal Rules
The SAP Guidelines provide a detailed explanation of the SAP's
role and responsibility under the regulation. While this document
is called "Guidelines", the fact that it is specifically mentioned
within the text of Part 40 (40.281[b]) technically moves it to
the level of being a regulation. No SAP should be without a copy
of the SAP Guidelines.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE PROFESSIONAL GUIDELINES
U.S. Department of Transportation
Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy and Compliance (ODAPC)
The SAP Guidelines were first published in August 2001. They have
been revised several times since 2001:
- 2006 - Addition of marriage and family therapists to the
categories of professionals who can serve in a SAP role
- 2008 - Addition of Question 7 in Section V, encouraging
SAPs to include a depression screen in the assessment tools
- 2009 - Addition of mandatory direct observation of return-to-duty
and follow-up testing, Section I
Guidelines 2009 (PDF) [requires Adobe Reader]
Every SAP should have a copy of these Guidelines. A SAP should
read the Guidelines in their entirety several times a year or more.
You will always learn things that you didn't catch on previous readings.
As explained above, while it is true that these are called "Guidelines",
DOT considers this document to be a regulation because it has been
specifically included (mentioned) in 49 CFR Part 40, at 40.281(b)(3).